Hospitals in China – the differences

Hospitals in China – the differences

Reported by Sinosciences Group

In the coming weeks, we will dive into the depths of the medical market in China and explore the different types of hospitals in mainland China, including statistics, an evaluation and classification method for different hospitals and highlighting the uniqueness and relevance of the hospital in terms of outstanding departments and research entities that can provide a platform to leverage technologies. In this article, we will briefly review the differences between the types of hospitals in China.

These days, it is crucial to get to know our operating market, especially when targeting hospitals as B2B. Knowledge is even more crucial when it comes to Chinese medical institutions. As you know, in China there are no HMOs. Medical care is provided in hospitals, so it is important to know the differences between hospitals.

The classification of hospitals is important for the medical research we intend to conduct, to sell a product in China and even to receive treatment while in China.

There are 3 types of hospitals:

  • First Class : 10,613 hospitals
  • Second Class : 9,017 hospitals
  • Third Class: 2,548 hospitals

The central ranking of the hospital will be determined by the number of patients it can accommodate. It can be determined that the more patients the hospital accommodates, the more beds it will have, as there are more beds more diversified services are needed, a wider range of active medical fields and research-oriented services.

Therefore, the more extensive the hospital’s medical facilities, the higher it’s ranking will be.


First classification 

Will be certified as a smaller type of facility for local people.

The number of beds may be up to 100 beds. The following departments will characterize class 1 hospitals: emergency room, inpatient department, surgery, gynecology department and preventive care department.


Second Classification

The total number of hospital beds in this classification is between 100 and 499

The number of beds will directly characterize the number of in-patients and will allow serving wider audiences in the city district. In this hospital classification, the number of areas in the wards has increased significantly.

In the classification of hospital 2: the clinical area will appear at least one service of emergency, internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, dermatology, anesthesia, infection, preventive medicine, including ophthalmology, otolaryngology, stomatology

In addition, professional departments will also be added: at least one pharmacy, one laboratory, one radiology, one operating room, one pathology, one physiotherapy, one disinfection supply room and one medical records room.


Third  Classification

The total number of hospital beds is over 500.

The clinical departments will include Emergency department, internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, traditional medicine, otorhinolaryngology, ophthalmology, dermatology, anesthesia, rehabilitation, preventive medical care and even a department offering Chinese medicine treatments.

Medical-technical department: At least equipped with a pharmacy, laboratory, radiology department, operating room, pathology department, blood transfusion department, nuclear medicine department, physiotherapy department (organized as part of rehabilitation), disinfectant supply department, medical records department, nutrition department and clinical function examination department.


As manufacturers and developers of medical devices and pharmaceuticals, we need to map and identify the hospital’s classification of our product and check if there is a demand for the product’s use from the industry it is aimed at.


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Hospitals in China – the differences

By Guy Tal

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